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Epidemiology, seasonality, and burden of influenza and influenza-like illness in urban and rural Kenya, 2007-2010

BACKGROUND: The epidemiology and burden of influenza remain poorly defined in sub-Saharan Africa. Since 2005, the Kenya Medical Research Institute and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention-Kenya have conducted population-based infectious disease surveillance in Kibera, an urban informal settlement in Nairobi, and in Lwak, a rural community in western Kenya. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swab specimens were obtained from patients who attended the study clinic and had acute lower respiratory tract (LRT) illness.

Environmental impact assessment for the improvement of the Nairobi - Mombasa Road. A Case study of the proposed realignment of the section between Thange to Mtito- Andei river bridges

This study set out to examine the most likely impacts of the construction of a proposed road re-alignment. The construction of the proposed re-alignment of a section of the Nairobi - Mombasa Road starting from Thange River Bridge to just a few kilometers before reaching Mtito Andei River. The study established that several townships among them Machinery, Kambu and Hillside will be by-passed by the construction of the proposed alignment.

Distribution and characteristics of risk factors for cardiovascular–metabolic disease in a rural Kenyan community

Background The rising prevalence of non-communicable diseases and associated premature mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa contradicts the widely accepted premise that African countries are only dominated by infectious diseases, malnutrition, maternal and child deaths. Among the non-communicable diseases, hypertension and diabetes mellitus continue to be the leading cause of death worldwide, with 10–20 million people estimated to have hypertension in Sub-Saharan Africa and 12 million people reported to have diabetes mellitus in Africa.

Assessment Of Awareness And Use Of Emergency Contraception Among Female Students At Kenya Medical Training College, Kenya.

Young and unmarried women constitute a high risk group for unsafe abortions. It has been estimated that widespread use of emergency contraception may significantly reduce the number of abortion-related morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to establish the level of awareness and use of emergency contraception by female college students at KMTC through a cross–sectional survey.

Strategies adopted by the Nairobi City water and sewerage company

Poor performance of urban water provision and public utilities in developing countries has led to calls for reduction in the role of the State and the increased role of the Private Sector in what had traditionally been the domain of the public service Atak (2004). The Provision of Water and Sewerage Services has for a long time been characterized by inefficient management and poor investment. Implementation of the commercialization process in bits and pieces while tackling each and every isolated problem separately proved to be ineffective and time wasting.

Estimating child mortality in Kenya using preceding birth technique with DHS 1998 data

Due to non-functioning and incomplete vital registration systems in many developing countries, estimates of mortality is by indirect methods which derive data from retrospective information obtained at the time of national censuses or from specialized demographic sample surveys. Most of these methods suffer from various weaknesses varying from low quality of original data, large volume of data requirement, historical data i.e not up-to-date and hence likely to suffer recall errors, high costs of data collection, and are very complicated and difficult to use especially in the field.

Challenges of strategy implementation at the Kenya Medical Research Institute

The purpose of this project was to determine challenges of strategy implementation at the Kenya Medical Research Institute. The specific objective was to find out the strategy implementation challenges at the Kenya Medical Research Institute within the wider implementation context of organization culture.The study was modelled on a case study design and data collected through face to face interview method. The respondents’ were subjected to open ended questions. Data was analyzed using content analysis technique and inferences made based on consistency, credibility and adequacy of data.

The Developments in Real Estate and Sustainable Urban Environment: a Case Study of Kilimani Area Within Nairobi City County.

Kenyan real estate includes all types of property ranging from single and multiple dwelling units residential developments, commercial (office space, retail space, shopping malls and hotel or restaurants), agricultural farm land and industrial blocks of (go-downs and warehouses, factories and light productions). The real estate development is a process by which initial land use of a designated neighbourhood or planning zone is transformed into new land use(s) in order to obtain the highest and best use of the land parcel(s).

Geographical perspectives on the role of small urban centres in regional planning strategy: a study of marketing and trade in Laikipia district, Kenya

Small urban centers have recently been recognized as important and integral components of regional planning designs in developing countries. For instance, the Kenya Government's Development Policy for ASAL (1992: 64), emphasized the importance of trade and commerce as the main informal sector activity in the centers of these areas. This study sought to study a variety of issues pertaining to marketing in the district in an attempt to find out the potential of growth of small urban centers in the study areas, and in the adjoining rural (agricultural) economies.

The socio-cultural aspects of the housing typology: Nairobi, Kenya -1972

THE SOCIO-CULTURAL ASPECTS OF THE HOUSING TYPOLOGY: Nairobi, Kenya - 1972 by Alex Loy Seid Submitted to the Depar~ent of Architecture on January 23, 1974 in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Architecture in Advanced Studies.

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